Civics lessons on curriculum as France goes back to school

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Pupils across France went back to school on Tuesday for what education secretary Najat Vallaud-Belkacem described as a year of “consolidation” after recent major reforms. The next large-scale changes – involving the middle schools or collèges and the curriculum – will not come into effect until next year. The only exception concerns nursery schools, where a new syllabus does come into force for this 'rentrée scolaire' or return to school.