Defining the troubled notion of secularism in France


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“It’s a word that one hears all the time, sometimes to talk nonsense about it,” said Jean-Louis Bianco, 72, a former minister under the late socialist president François Mitterrand, for whom he previously served as chief of staff, and who is now chairman of the Observatoire de la laïcité , which in English goes by the name of the Secularism Monitoring Centre.