Dock dues tax: the colonial hangover that still costs French overseas citizens dear

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Far, far away from the postcard views and the marketing shots, rivers of metal flow each day along the shores of Martinique, Guadeloupe, Mayotte and La Réunion, gleaming in the sun. Every morning, evening, weekend and week tens of thousands of cars – many of them containing just the driver – make their way along the only roads that go around these French islands, and which link the commercial zones with the residential areas, the beaches with the most populated areas, and the remote spots to the centre. Traffic jams are the norm here and locals factor them into their lives; they are constant, unavoidable – and unbearable.