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Almost half a century ago the American historian Robert Paxton published a landmark book which went on to revolutionize the way France looked at Vichy France, the common name for the French State headed by Marshal Philippe Pétain during World War II, and in doing so sparked a major controversy. Vichy France, published in English in 1972 and in French a year later, established for the first time the scale of collaboration between Pétain's regime and Nazi Germany and its major responsibility in the deportation of Jews from France. Indeed his contribution to the issue has been described as the “Paxtonian Revolution”.
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