Tensions run high at the gates of Abidjan

By
This article is freely available. Check out our subscription offers. Subscribe

Mediapart has made the choice of not imposing systematic moderation of the participative sections of the journal. Thank you for abiding by our charter regarding participative contributions. Mediapart may highlight some comments, and reserves the right to remove any comment that is not relevant to a given discussion, that is repeatedly copied, or of a crude or commercial nature.

Extend your reading on Mediapart Unlimited access to the Journal free contribution in the Club Subscribe

Key dates to the current crisis:

August 1960: Former French colony is declared independent.

December 1993: Death of president Félix Houphouët-Boigny.

December1994: Adoption of a new electoral codel restricting eligibilty of presidential candidates.

October 1995: Election as president of Henri Konan Bédié, so-called 'natural heir' to Félix Houphouët-Boigny.

December 1999: Coup d'état during which General Robert Gueï takes power.

October 2000: Laurent Gbagbo elected president.

September 2002: Coup d'état attempt against Laurent Gbagbo. The rebels take over control of the mostly Muslim north of the country.

January 2003: Signature of the Marcoussis peace agreement, allowing rebels into government while Gbagbo retained presidency.

July 2003: Official end to the civil war.

2005: Presidential elections postponed until October 2010.

March 2007: Ouagadougou agreement for peace settlement programme.

November 2010: The postponed presidential elections are finally held. Ivorian electoral commission proclaims Alassane Ouattara the victor, with 54% of the vote (Laurent Gbagbo 46%). The Gbagbo-controlled Ivorian Constitutional Council claims a 51%-49% victory for Gbagbo, who refuses to stand down.