Algeria

Plight of Syrian migrants trying to reach Europe from Algeria

International

Since the start of the civil war in Syria in 2011 several thousand Syrians have taken refuge in Algeria. But in recent years a number of them have been trying to make the often perilous sea crossing from the Algerian coast to Europe. Some have been ripped off by unscrupulous traffickers; others have paid the ultimate price and perished at sea. Nejma Brahim reports from the Algerian port of Oran.

The memories of violence that overshadow anniversary of deal that ended Algerian War

International — Report

Last weekend marked the 60th anniversary of the Évian Accords which brought an end to the bloody Algerian War and paved the way for that country's independence from France. But for many ordinary Algerians their memory of that period is still dominated by the violence perpetrated at the time by the armed French group that was virulently opposed to granting Algeria's independence, the Organisation Armée Secrète or OAS. Nejma Brahim visited Oran on the north-west coast of Algeria where an OAS car bomb killed scores of people on February 28th 1962.

Macron meets Algerian-born French citizens with one eye on election

International — Link

French president seeks to address France’s colonial legacy in north Africa.

The lingering issue of colonialism that still shapes France

Culture-Idées

More than all other the former European imperial powers, France continues to be profoundly shaped by the issue of colonialism, which both determines its relations with the world and fashions how it sees itself. In this article written for the latest issue of the 'Revue du crieur', Mediapart's publishing editor Edwy Plenel looks at France's continuing relationship with its colonial past, a subject often suppressed by its political elites on both the Right and Left. He argues that the country's continuing reluctance to confront its imperial history has made it blind to its multiculturalism and diversity and has encouraged the renaissance of neo-fascism.

Macron condemns 'crimes' against 1961 Algerian protests in Paris

International — Link

Macron told relatives and activists on the eve of the 60th anniversary of the bloodshed that "crimes" were committed on the night of 17 October, 1961, under the command of Paris police chief Maurice Papon.

French train hits four migrants 'sleeping on track', killing three

France — Link

A local mayor said that the four migrants were "sleeping or lying" on the track at the time of the tragedy. 

Algerian president demands 'total respect' from France

France — Link

The call follows a row over visas and critical comments from Paris about the North African country; last weekend, Algeria recalled its ambassador from Paris and banned French military planes from its airspace.

Algeria closes airspace to French military and recalls ambassador

International — Link

The deepening diplomatic spat comes as France repositions thousands of its troops who are involved in the international fight against Islamist extremism in the southern Sahara. 

The mask slips: Marine Le Pen backs ex-generals who threaten possible 'coup'

France

A letter signed by 23 retired French generals, who warn that the military might have to “intervene” in a “civil war” because of a failure by the French state to crack down on “Islamists”, has caused a political row. Defence minister Florence Parly has warned of “consequences” for any active soldiers on the list of signatories, which includes scores of other senior ranks. Meanwhile Marine Le Pen, the president of the far-right Rassemblement National (RN) party, has given the retired generals her support. As Lucie Delaporte reports, her backing for such views is a stark reminder of what the RN really stands for, after a decade in which Le Pen has sought to soften the party's image.

Row as retired French generals warn of impending 'civil war'

France — Link

The text, backed by far-right leader Marine Le Pen, was dismissed by Macron’s government as a diatribe from a bunch of military pensioners who “only represent themselves”.

Macron admits French forces ‘murdered’ Algerian freedom fighter

France — Link

The French president made the admission "in the name of France" during a meeting with Ali Boumendjel's grandchildren.

The Algerian view of the report by historian Benjamin Stora on France's colonial past

International — Interview

In January 2021 the French historian Benjamin Stora delivered a report commissioned by President Emmanuel Macron that is aimed at “reconciling memories” between France and its former colony Algeria. The French head of state said he would follow a recommendation in the report and establish a “memories and truth” commission to address the history of France’s colonial past in Algeria, but he stopped short of issuing an official apology. The report itself has attracted criticism in both France and Algeria. Mediapart has asked two Algerian historians, Afaf Zekkour and Noureddine Amara, for their views of the document and of Franco-Algeiran relations in general. The pair criticise Stora for what they call “soft revisionism” and for prioritising France's needs for a united view over the recounting of history. Rachida El Azzouzi reports.

France tries to come to terms with colonial past in Algeria

International — Link

The commission was a central recommendation of a report presented to Mr Macron last week by historian Benjamin Stora that marks another attempt to try to come to terms with one of the most sensitive periods of French history.

Algeria buries skulls of anti-colonialist fighters returned by France

International — Link

The skulls of 24 Algerian fighters who were shot and decapitated by occupying French forces during the 19th-century campaign to colonize the country, and which had since been kept in a Paris museum until their return to Algeria this weekend, were buried amid an emotional ceremony at a cemetery close to the capital Algiers on Sunday.

France returns remains of 19th-century Algerian fighters

International — Link

France is returning to Algeria the remains of 24 combattants killed in the 19th century during the early French colonialisation of the North African country which finally won independence in 1962 after a bitter eight-year war.