Keyword: archives

The archivists who proved the 1961 Paris massacre of Algerians

Philippe Grand, a former chief conservator at the Paris archives, was the first person to reveal evidence of the October 17, 1961 massacre of Algerians in the heart of Paris – one of the darkest chapters of postwar French history.

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France opens access to archives from Vichy wartime era

Many documents relating to when Pétain regime collaborated with Nazi occupiers during World War II can now be ‘freely consulted’.

France partly declassifies Rwanda archives, but key files stay secret

Le mémorial de Bisesero, Rwanda, février 2014 © Thomas Cantaloube Le mémorial de Bisesero, Rwanda, février 2014 © Thomas Cantaloube

Earlier this week it was announced that hitherto secret French presidential archives relating to the 1994 Rwanda genocide were to be declassified. The documents are records from the presidency of the late François Mitterrand, and cover France’s close relations with the Rwandan regime of president Juvénal Habyarimana, whose assassination 21 years ago sparked the state-sponsored massacres that claimed the lives of more than 800,000 people. France’s role before and during the genocide remains controversial, amid speculation that it provided weapons support and protection of those who perpetrated the slaughter. But, writes Mediapart’s international affairs correspondent Thomas Cantaloube, while the move this week to declassify Mitterrand’s archives appeared to be one of belated transparency, they promise few revelations beyond previous leaks, while the key archives about France’s involvement in Rwanda held by the defence and foreign affairs ministries remain strictly secret.

France declassifies Rwanda genocide archives

The hitherto secret files relating to the 1994 genocide of 800,000 people include advice given to then French president François Mitterrand.

Falklands archives reveal Thatcher's mistrust of Mitterrand over arms for Argentina

Official papers just released reveal tension between London and Paris during the Falklands War over French supplies to Argentina of Exocet missiles.

Algeria, France tussle over archives 50 years after split

When French soldiers and administrators left Algeria they took historical artefacts, books and maps - a national heritage that remains in France.