Keyword: article 49-3

Move to force through pension reform set to deal big blow to Macron presidency

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A protest against President Macron's pension reforms at Rennes in west France on December 10th 2019. © AFP A protest against President Macron's pension reforms at Rennes in west France on December 10th 2019. © AFP

On Saturday February 29th, during an emergency meeting of ministers called to discuss the Coronavirus crisis, the French government took the decision to force its bitterly-opposed pension reforms through Parliament without a vote. In adopting the “nuclear option” of invoking Article 49-3 of the French Constitution to do this, President Emmanuel Macron is hoping that public debate will now shift to other issues. But as Ellen Salvi writes, the move is likely to plunge the remaining two years of his presidency into greater political uncertainty and even undermine his chances of re-election in 2022.

French PM bypasses parliament to force through labour laws

Manuel Valls says he is acting in ‘general interest’ of the country after four months of protests against the controversial measures.

Blockades are a 'weapon to make people aware' say French labour law protesters

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The protest against the labour law reforms held in Montpellier on May 26th, 2016. © T.A The protest against the labour law reforms held in Montpellier on May 26th, 2016. © T.A

Amid blockades of oil depots and strikes in a number of key sectors in France, opponents against planned labour law reforms in France took to the streets again on Thursday May 26th. Mediapart spoke to people taking part in a march in the city of Montpellier, in the south of France, to find out why they are protesting. The demonstrators say they fully back the strikes and blockades which they see as their equivalent of article 49-3 of the French Constitution which is being used to force the deeply-controversial reforms through Parliament. Timothée Aldebert reports.