Mali

How France lost its way in Africa's wars

International— Analysis

Nothing has gone to plan in the two military campaigns launched last year by French President François Hollande in Mali and the Central African Republic. In-depth reports by the United Nations, the French parliament and various NGOs detail the huge and quite different problems now faced in both countries, which have resulted in the French army becoming bogged down in its war-torn former colonies. Paris has now announced a new "counter-terrorist" offensive, this time against jihadist groups in the Sahel region of Northern Africa. As Hollande prepares to visit three African countries this week to discuss the move, Mediapart's editor François Bonnet analyses how France has lost its way amid missions that were initially presented as short-term and which now promise the long haul with no exit in sight.   

French soldier killed in Mali suicide bombing

International— Link

The member of the Foreign Legion is the ninth French serviceman to die since Paris launched anti-Islamist military campaign in January 2013.

France ends Mali offensive and redeploys troops to restive Sahel

International— Link

The new operation, codenamed Barkhan, will start soon in the largely lawless Sahel in partnership with five countries from the African region.

French Sahara hostage appeals in video for negotiated release

International— Link

Serge Lazarevic, who was captured two years ago by Al Qaeda's North African wing AQIM, called for help from President Hollande.

France sends 100 extra troops to Mali

International— Link

Clashes between Malian forces and Tuareg separatists prompted Paris to send reinforcements to join the 1,600 French troops already in Mali.

France to deploy 3,000 troops in Sahel

International— Link

Defence minister says the mission of the soldiers will be to fight Islamist militias and other armed groups in north Mali, northern Niger and Chad.

French soldier killed in Mali

International— Link

The death brings total number of French soldiers killed in Mali to eight since France launched military operations in the country in January 2013.

French hostage in Mali is dead, claim Islamist captors

International— Link

No details of why or when Gilberto Rodrigues Leal, 62, died were given by the al-Qaeda affiliated group who kidnapped him in 2012.

France says 40 Islamists killed in recent Mali operations

International— Link

Among those dead is Omar Ould Hamaha, known as 'Red Beard', a commander of armed groups who occupied northern Mali in 2012.

Jihadists return to northern Mali a year after French intervention

International— Link

Concern as Islamist groups targeted by France's Operation Serval appear to be regaining footholds despite presence of 6,000 UN troops.

Militant Islamist website calls for attacks on France and Hollande

International— Link

Website has launched a poster campaign called 'We will not be silent, O France' over French intervention in Mali and the Central Africa Republic.

France, Germany to send joint troops to Mali

International— Link

Soldiers from the joint Franco-German military brigade are to operate in a support and training role for forces already in the West African state.

French forces kill 11 'suspected Islamist fighters' in Mali

International— Link

One French soldier was wounded and a weapons cache seized in an operation in northern Mali that left at least 11 suspected Islamist fighters dead.

Terror group 'threatens France over Mali'

International— Link

The Mourabitounes group, formed last August, says it will target the interests of 'France and her allies', according to a Mauritanian website.

Mali crisis: France announces big troop cuts

International— Link

Defence minister Jean-Yves Le Drian says 60% of troops will be withdrawn over three months, leaving a force of 1,000 French soldiers.