Interviews

  • 'The breeding ground for jihadists is the denial of democracy'

    By
    la mosquée Imam al Sadek dans le quartier de Sawaber dans la partie orientale de Koweït City.
'attentat à la bombe commis vendredi contre une mosquée chiite et qui a fait 27 morts dans la capitale de l'émirat © Reuters. la mosquée Imam al Sadek dans le quartier de Sawaber dans la partie orientale de Koweït City. 'attentat à la bombe commis vendredi contre une mosquée chiite et qui a fait 27 morts dans la capitale de l'émirat © Reuters.

    Four terror attacks on Friday that left scores dead across four countries on three different continents raised speculation that Islamic State had launched a concerted offensive from its Syrian and Iraqi stronghold to mark the first anniversary of its Caliphate. However, an expert on jihadist movements, Wassim Nasr, dismisses the idea that the outrages in France, Tunisia, Kuwait and Somalia were part of a coordinated campaign, and says the West still does not understand Islamic State's real strategy. In a wide-ranging interview with Mediapart, the specialist contends that Western states, including France, have themselves created the breeding ground for jihadist groups by backing dictatorships over democratically-elected popular movements. Pierre Puchot reports.

  • Dying to earn a living: the truth about occupational health risks in France

    A recently-published study of health risks at the workplace in France demonstrates the grave dangers millions of employees are exposed to and the immense difficulties in attaining official recognition of these and the illnesses that they create. The study is presented in a book entitled Les Risques du travail, co-authored by experts on occupational health and safety, and which is an updated version of a similar study published under the same title in 1985. In this interview with Mathilde Goanec and Rachida El Azzouzi, two of the new book’s co-author’s, Annie Thébaud-Mony and Laurent Vogel, detail their findings and explain why the evolution of the economy and industry over the past 30 years have made occupational risks more diversified and the health consequences harder to legally prove.

  • Inside the Jewish community in Tunisia: family of Paris shooting victim speak out

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    Veillée en hommage à Yoav Hattab, Tunis, samedi 17 janvier.  © Reuters Veillée en hommage à Yoav Hattab, Tunis, samedi 17 janvier. © Reuters

    One of the victims of the kosher supermarket shootings during the Paris attacks in January was Yoav Hattab, a 21-year-old Jew from Tunisia. His family are part of a Jewish community whose roots in the North African country go back many centuries but which has seen its numbers fall dramatically over the last 50 years. The dead man's elder brother, Avishay Hattab, has spoken at length to Mediapart's Pierre Puchot about how the family learnt of Yoav's death, at their dismay at the lack of official Tunisian government recognition of his murder, and of the difficulties in belonging to one of the last Jewish communities in the Arab world. Meanwhile an association that supports local minorities talks about the need to combat the “hatred” aimed at Jews in Tunisia. But Avishay Hattab says he is “proud” of being Tunisian and insists he has no intention of leaving a country his family has lived in for countless generations.

  • 'Why the planned Lyon-Turin railway line should be sabotaged'

    By Mathilde AUVILLAIN
    Erri de Luca Erri de Luca

    On Tuesday February 24th the French president François Hollande and Italian prime minister Matteo Renzi met in Paris to give their full backing to the highly-controversial high-speed rail link between Lyon and Turin. Much of the bitter opposition to the railway focuses on the planned 57km tunnel through the Alps between the Susa valley in Italy and the Maurienne valley in France. One of the most vehement opponents of the scheme is acclaimed Italian novelist and translator Erri de Luca. His comment that the railway project should be “sabotaged” has now landed him in court for the alleged incitement of a crime, over which he faces a five-year jail term if found guilty. Here the Italian author talks to Mathilde Auvillain about his determination to defend his right to freedom of expression.

  • Former prison controller warns against 'Islamist quarters' plan in French jails

    By and
     © Reuters © Reuters

    In the aftermath of the Paris terrorist attacks earlier this month, perpetrated in the name of Islam by three gunmen born and raised in France, there has been wide discussion in France about how hard-line Islamists succeed in enrolling a section of the country’s disenfranchised youths into their midst. Beyond the influence of extremist networks that operate in public places, notably a number of mosques, the role that prison plays in the recruitment of potential jihadists has been highlighted, notably by French Prime Minister Manuel Valls. Shortly after the attacks, he suggested that jailed radical Islamists may be grouped together in special quarters in prisons to limit their current opportunities of converting fellow prisoners to their cause. Mediapart’s Joseph Confavreux and Carine Fouteau sought out the opinion of Jean-Marie Delarue, who until July 2014 served for six years as France’s general inspector of prisons. In this interview he argues why he believes the proposition is misguided and potentially dangerous.

  • The 'culture of violence and resentment' that fuels French jihadists

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     © Reuters © Reuters

    The shooting attacks in Paris last week claimed the lives of a total of 17 victims and ended with the deaths of the three gunmen. The outrages, perpetrated by Islamic extremists and which began with the massacre at the offices of Charlie Hebdo magazine before the separate murders of two police officers and the executions of four hostages in a Jewish supermarket, have opened a vast societal debate in France. There have been comparisons made with the 9/11 attacks in the United States, questions raised about the true significance of the national unity displayed during last Sunday’s huge marches in defiance of terrorism, about the real extent of integration, and stigmatization, of the French Muslim population, and why the jihad increasingly lures some young French citizens. In this interview with Joseph Confavreux, Olivier Roy, a recognised expert in France and abroad on questions of Islam and religious fundamentalism, discusses these and related issues, and highlights the taboos that cloud an effective analysis of the events.

  • The gays attracted by France's far-right Front National

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     © Reuters © Reuters

    Florian Philippot, a vice-president of France’s far-right Front National (FN) party, goes to court on Monday to sue a gossip magazine after it published photos of him earlier this month that ‘outed’ him as gay. Just several days later, a founder of the French LGBT rights group GayLib, Sébastian Chenu, announced he had joined the FN as ‘cultural advisor’ to its president, Marine Le Pen, and would in the future stand as an election candidate for the party whose founder, Marine’s father Jean-Marie Le Pen, once notoriously described homosexuality as "a biological and social anomaly". Yet despite the FN’s homophobic history, and its recent opposition to the same-sex marriage law,  Act Up Paris founder Didier Lestrade, author of a book entitled Why gays moved to the Right, says he believes a significant number of gays are increasingly attracted by the far-right. In this interview with Joseph Confavreux he explains why, argues that the FN leader is seeking “to try and enroll minority struggles in her fight against Islam”, and underlines that “people like Chenu and Philippot are not only symbols that can set an example, but also they arrive with networks”.

  • France's 35-hour working week 'most effective pro-employment measure since the 1970s'

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    Since its introduction by a socialist government in 2000, France’s 35-hour working week is the subject of political controversy at home and myth abroad. While it has long been the bugbear of the French Right, now the current socialist government’s economy minister Emmanuel Macron has called for its application to be eased, supposedly to increase business competitiveness. Outside of France, it is often misunderstood as the illustration of a laid-back workforce – but who, according to Federal Reserve Economic Data, in reality work more hours annually than their German counterparts. This month, a French parliamentary commission of enquiry into ‘the relative societal, economic and financial impact of the reduction in working hours’, prompted by centre-right MPs, published its findings. To the surprise of many, and the ire of some, it broadly concludes that the measure, arguably the last most significant socialist reform, has proved a positive one. In this report by Mathieu Magnaudeix, the parliamentary commission’s rapporteur Barbara Romagnan argues why the 35-hour week has been positive for employees and employers alike, and why introducing a further reduction in basic working hours should not be excluded.

  • 'A sacrificed generation': the grim daily life of Syria's rebel brigades

    By
    Moment de détente entre compagnons de guerre. Un enfant joue au Moudjahidine sous le regard de ses ainés. © Pierre Roth Moment de détente entre compagnons de guerre. Un enfant joue au Moudjahidine sous le regard de ses ainés. © Pierre Roth

    French sociologist Romain Huët has spent two years studying the lives of the fighters among the hundreds of small brigades that are part of the Syrian opposition movement fighting, against all odds, the regime of Syrian dictator Bashar al-Assad. Huët has travelled four times to northern Syria where he shared the daily lives of the fighters, who are separate to the Islamic State or the al-Nusra Front but who are devout proponents of an Islamic republic. In this interview with Thomas Cantaloube, he offers a rare insight into the daily horrors of the three-year civil war and profiles these young rebels who, he says, have been transformed from revolutionaries into hardened warriors and who have largely lost the notion of both what was the past and the promise of the future.

  • Thomas Frank on why 'the problem with the US is plutocracy'

    By Thomas Haley
    Vidéos accessibles dans l'article. Vidéos accessibles dans l'article.

    “We have this tiny percentage of the population that collects all the gains of the economy, and these people now have enormous power over our politics as well,” says Thomas Frank, the acclaimed US political commentator and essayist in a video interview with Mediapart in which he sketches the state of American society today, charts a shift to political and economic extremes, argues how Barak Obama missed his golden chance and points to where the Republicans are taking America.