The smugglers and ancient alliances defying the borders of the Pyrenees


The Pyrenees mountains separating France and Spain have long been a crossing route for smugglers of all kinds of wares, which today range from cigarettes to elvers. But the 623-kilometre-long border between the two countries, definitively traced in 1866, has also never been a barrier for the centuries-old exchanges, local alliances and regulations established between the communities living on either side. Emmanuel Riondé reports. 

Reading articles is for subscribers only. Subscribe now.

The tiny principality of Andorra, one of the smallest states in Europe, is wedged between France and Spain in the Pyrenees mountain range, with a population of just less than 80,000.