You are a subscriber
If you are not already a subscriber,
Choose a subscription offer and create your account to read all content on MediapartCreate your account
As a presidential candidate Emmanuel Macron insisted he wanted to dispense with the old ways of doing politics. Yet over this summer President Macron has approved a series of appointments of loyal followers and advisers as well as political allies who have faced difficulties but whose support he may need. And as Manuel Jardinaud reports, this form of presidential patronage is exactly what French presidents have always done.
Reading articles is for subscribers only. Subscribe now.