European Commission calls France to account over contested dam plan


The EU said the Sivens dam project, an opponent of which was killed in a protest last month, was 'a suspected violation' of its water directive.

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The European Commission has launched legal action against France over a controversial dam project that saw a young protestor killed by a police grenade last month, reports FRANCE 24.

The Commission, the EU's executive arm, said the dam risked violating European water management rules and comes as the French government, hit by controversy, has cooled on the 8.4-billion-euro ($10.5 billion) project.

The EU said it was preparing to inform Paris of "a suspected violation of the water directive in the carrying out of this project," Commission spokesman Enrico Brivio said at a news briefing on Wednesday.

This EU directive is intended to "guarantee sustainable water management for the long-term," he said.

Opposition by activists against the dam in southwestern France has been fierce and turned tragic last month when activist Remi Fraisse, 21, was killed protesting against the project in the southwestern Tarn region.

Those opposed to the project say the dam will destroy a reservoir of biodiversity and will only benefit a small number of politically well-connected farmers.

Those promoting the project, meanwhile, retort that the dam is in the public interest as it will ensure irrigation and the development of high-value crops.

Reacting to the move by Brussels, French Environment Minister Segolène Royal said the project, which is for now suspended, would obey EU demands.

"The contents of this European letter will permit the renewed project to meet the right criteria," Royal said after a cabinet meeting in Paris.

Last month's tragedy was the culmination of weeks of protests by opponents of the project that included litigation, hunger strikes and occupation of the site by activists.

Fraisse's death shocked France and sparked an even greater protest movement across the country, heaping pressure on the already embattled government of French President François Hollande.

The young man was killed in the early hours of October 26 after a long night of clashes between police and activists on the site of the project.

On Wednesday, a lawyer for the gendarme who threw the grenade said his client was not responsible for Fraisse's death.

"What happened was an accident," lawyer Jean Tamalet told Le Parisien newspaper, while acknowledging the grenade was thrown by his client.

Read more of this AFP report published by FRANCE 24.

See also:

Revealed: how French state hid truth about dam protest death for two days

French dam protest death: gendarmes used 400 grenades in one night

Bitter background to tragic death of young French eco-protester

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